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    汽車制動系的作用介紹

    來源:http://www.philiprobert.com發布時間:2022-01-19 13:42:53

    汽車上用以使外界(主要是路面)在汽車某些部分(主要是車輪)施加一定的力,從而對其進行一定程度的強制制動的一系列專門裝置統稱為制動系統。其作用是:使行駛中的汽車按照駕駛員的要求進行強制減速甚至停車;使已停駛的汽車在各種道路條件下(包括在坡道上)穩定駐車;使下坡行駛的汽車速度保持穩定。
    A series of special devices on the automobile are collectively referred to as the braking system, which are used to make the outside world (mainly the road surface) exert a certain force on some parts of the automobile (mainly the wheels), so as to carry out a certain degree of forced braking. Its function is to make the moving car slow down or even stop forcibly according to the driver's requirements; Make the stopped vehicle park stably under various road conditions (including on the ramp); Keep the speed of cars traveling downhill stable.
    對汽車起制動作用的只能是作用在汽車上且方向與汽車行駛方向相反的外力,而這些外力的大小都是隨機的、不可控制的,因此汽車上必須裝設一系列專門裝置以實現上述功能。
    The braking effect on the vehicle can only be the external forces acting on the vehicle and in the opposite direction to the driving direction of the vehicle, and the magnitude of these external forces is random and uncontrollable. Therefore, a series of special devices must be installed on the vehicle to realize the above functions.
    分類:
    Classification:
    (1) 按制動系統的作用
    (1) According to the function of braking system
    制動系統可分為行車制動系統、駐車制動系統、應急制動系統及輔助制動系統等。用以使行駛中的汽車降低速度甚至停車的制動系統稱為行車制動系統;用以使已停駛的汽車駐留原地不動的制動系統則稱為駐車制動系統;在行車制動系統失效的情況下,保證汽車仍能實現減速或停車的制動系統稱為應急制動系統;在行車過程中,輔助行車制動系統降低車速或保持車速穩定,但不能將車輛緊急制停的制動系統稱為輔助制動系統。上述各制動系統中,行車制動系統和駐車制動系統是每一輛汽車都必須具備的。
    The braking system can be divided into service braking system, parking braking system, emergency braking system and auxiliary braking system. The braking system used to slow down or even stop a moving car is called service braking system; The braking system used to make the stopped car stay in place is called parking braking system; When the service braking system fails, the braking system that ensures that the vehicle can still slow down or stop is called emergency braking system; During driving, the auxiliary service braking system reduces the vehicle speed or keeps the vehicle speed stable, but the braking system for emergency braking of the vehicle cannot be called the auxiliary braking system. Among the above braking systems, service braking system and parking braking system are required for each vehicle.
    (2)按制動操縱能源

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    (2) Control energy according to braking
    制動系統可分為人力制動系統、動力制動系統和伺服制動系統等。以駕駛員的肌體作為唯一制動能源的制動系統稱為人力制動系統;完全靠由發動機的動力轉化而成的氣壓或液壓形式的勢能進行制動的系統稱為動力制動系統;兼用人力和發動機動力進行制動的制動系統稱為伺服制動系統或助力制動系統。
    The braking system can be divided into human braking system, power braking system and servo braking system. The braking system with the driver's body as the only braking energy is called human braking system; A system that relies entirely on the potential energy in the form of air pressure or hydraulic pressure transformed by the power of the engine is called a power braking system; The braking system that uses both human and engine power for braking is called servo braking system or power assisted braking system.
    (3)按制動能量的傳輸方式
    (3) According to the transmission mode of braking energy
    制動系統可分為機械式、液壓式、氣壓式、電磁式等。同時采用兩種以上傳能方式的制動系稱為組合式制動系統。
    The braking system can be divided into mechanical type, hydraulic type, pneumatic type, electromagnetic type, etc. The braking system with more than two energy transmission modes at the same time is called combined braking system.
    制動系統一般由制動操縱機構和制動器兩個主要部分組成。
    The braking system is generally composed of two main parts: braking control mechanism and brake.
    (1) 制動操縱機構
    (1) Brake control mechanism
    產生制動動作、控制制動效果并將制動能量傳輸到制動器的各個部件,如圖中的2、3、4、6,以及制動輪缸和制動管路。
    Generate braking action, control braking effect and transmit braking energy to various parts of the brake, as shown in Figure 2, 3, 4 and 6, as well as brake wheel cylinder and brake pipeline.
    (2) 制動器
    (2) Brake
    產生阻礙車輛的運動或運動趨勢的力(制動力)的部件。汽車上常用的制動器都是利用固定元件與旋轉元件工作表面的摩擦而產生制動力矩,稱為摩擦制動器。它有鼓式制動器和盤式制動器兩種結構型式。
    A component that produces a force (braking force) that hinders the movement or movement trend of the vehicle. The commonly used brakes on automobiles use the friction between the working surface of fixed elements and rotating elements to produce braking torque, which is called friction brake. It has two structural types: drum brake and disc brake.

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